Foto Prof. Dr. Robert Sausen
Prof. Dr. Robert Sausen

Prof. Dr. Robert Sausen

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)
Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre
Münchner Straße 20
82234 Oberpfaffenhofen-Wessling

Telefon: +49 8153 28-2500
Telefax: +49 8153 28-1841


  • Wintersemester 2016: Statistische Methoden für Meteorologen I

    Peer reviewed publications

    1. Sausen, R., K. Barthel and K. Hasselmann, 1988: Coupled ocean-atmosphere models with flux correction. Climate Dyn. 2, 145-163.
    2. Sausen, R., 1988: A closure hypothesis for atmospheric macro-turbulence. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 61, 155-168.
    3. Fischer, G. und R. Sausen, 1989: Auswirkungen einer Klimadrift-Korrektur auf die Häufigkeit von extremen positiven 500 hPa Höhenanomalien in einem spektralen Modell. Wetter und Leben 41, 165-174.
    4. Sausen, R. and M. Ponater, 1990: Reducing the initial drift of a GCM. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 63, 15-24.
    5. Sausen, R. and F. Lunkeit, 1990: Some remarks on the cause of the climate drift of coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 63, 141-146.
    6. König, W., E. Kirk and R. Sausen, 1990: Sensitivity of an atmosphere general circulation model to interannually varying SST. Ann. Geophys. 8, 829-844.
    7. Sausen, R. and F. Lunkeit, 1991: Reply (to the comments by F. Wippermann). Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 64, 72.
    8. Bakan, S., A. Chlond, U. Cubasch, J. Feichter, H. Graf, H. Graßl, K. Hasselmann, I. Kirchner, M. Latif, E. Roeckner, R. Sausen, U. Schlese, D. Schriever, I. Schult, U. Schumann, F. Sielmann and W. Welke, 1991: Climate response to smoke from the burning oil wells in Kuwait. Nature 351, 367-371.
    9. Cubasch, U., K. Hasselmann, H. Höck, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, B.D. Santer and R. Sausen, 1992: Time-dependent greenhouse warming computations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Climate Dyn. 8, 55-69.
    10. Graf, H.F., I. Kirchner, R. Sausen and S. Schubert, 1992: The impact of upper tropospheric aerosol on the global circulation. Ann. Geophys. 10, 698-707.
    11. Hasselmann, K., R. Sausen, E. Maier-Reimer and R. Voss, 1993: On the cold start problem in transient simulations with coupled atmosphere-ocean models. Climate Dyn. 9, 53-61.
    12. Sausen, R., R. Voss and M. Ponater, 1993: Orographic forcing in ECHAM. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 66, 239-252.
    13. König, W., R. Sausen and F. Sielmann, 1993: Objective identification of cyclones in GCM simulations. J. Climate 6, 2217-2231.
    14. Lohmann,U., R. Sausen, L. Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, J. Perlwitz and E. Roeckner, 1993: The Köppen climate classification as a diagnostic tool for general circulation models. Clim. Res. 3, 177-193.
    15. Sausen, R., S. Schubert and L. Dümenil, 1994: A model of the river run-off for use in coupled atmosphere-ocean models. J. Hydrol. 155, 337-352.
    16. Ponater, M., W. König, R. Sausen and F. Sielmann, 1994: Circulation regime fluctuations and their effect on intraseasonal variability in the ECHAM climate model. Tellus 46A, 265-285.
    17. Sausen, R. and I. Köhler, 1994: Simulating the global transport of nitrogen oxides emissions from aircraft. Ann. Geophys. 12, 394-402.
    18. Frey-Buness, A., D. Heimann and R. Sausen, 1995: A statistical-dynamical downscaling procedure for global climate simulations. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 50, 117-131.
    19. Sausen, R., W. König and F. Sielmann, 1995: Analysis of blocking events from observations and ECHAM model simulations. Tellus 47A, 421-438.
    20. Dameris, M., D. Nodorp and R. Sausen, 1995: Correlation between tropopause height pressure and TOMS-data for the EASOE-winter 1991/1992. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 68, 227-232.
    21. Lunkeit, F., R. Sausen and J.M. Oberhuber, 1996: Climate simulations with the global coupled atmosphere-ocean model ECHAM2/OPYC. Part I: Present-day climate and ENSO events. Climate Dyn. 12, 195-212.
    22. Sausen, R. and R. Voss, 1996: Techniques for asynchronous and periodically-synchronous coupling of atmosphere and ocean models. Part I: General strategy and application to the cyclo-stationary case. Climate Dyn. 12, 313-323.
    23. Grötzner, A., R. Sausen and M. Claussen, 1996: The impact of sub-grid scale sea-ice inhomogeneities on the performance of the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM3. Climate Dyn. 12, 477-496.
    24. Voss, R. and R. Sausen, 1996: Techniques for asynchronous and periodically-synchronous coupling of atmosphere and ocean models. Part II: Impact of variability. Climate Dyn. 12, 605-614.
    25. Ponater, M., S. Brinkop, R. Sausen and U. Schumann, 1996: Simulating the global atmospheric response to aircraft water vapour emissions and contrails - A first approach using a GCM. Ann. Geophys. 14, 941-960.
    26. Lunkeit, F., M. Ponater, R. Sausen, M. Sogalla, U. Ulbrich and M. Windelband, 1996: Cyclonic activity in a warmer climate. Beitr. Phys. Atmsph. 69, 393-407.
    27. Köhler, I., R. Sausen and R. Reinberger, 1997: Contributions of aircraft emissions to the atmospheric NOx content. Atmos. Environ. 31, 1801-1818.
    28. van Velthoven, P.F.J., R. Sausen, C.E. Johnson, H. Kelder, I. Köhler, A. Kraus, R. Ramaroson, F. Rohrer, S. Stevenson, A. Strand and W.M.F. Wauben, 1997: The passive transport of NOx emissions from aircraft studied with a hierarchy of models. Atmos. Environ. 31, 1783-1799.
    29. Lee, D.S., I. Köhler, E. Grobler, F. Rohrer, R. Sausen, L. Gallardo-Klenner, J.J.G. Olivier, F.J. Dentener and A.F. Bouwman, 1997: Estimations of global NOx emissions and their uncertainties. Atmos. Environ. 31, 1735-1749.
    30. Sausen, R., B. Feneberg and M. Ponater, 1997: Climatic impact of aircraft induced ozone changes. Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 1203-1206.
    31. Brinkop, S. and R. Sausen, 1997: A finite difference approximation for convective transports which maintains positive tracer concentrations. Beitr. Phys. Atmosph. 70, 245-248.
    32. Steil, B., M. Dameris, C. Brühl, P.J. Crutzen, V. Grewe, M. Ponater and R. Sausen, 1998: Development of a chemistry module for GCMs: First results of a multi--annual integration. Ann. Geophys. 16, 205-228.
    33. Voss, R., R. Sausen and U. Cubasch, 1998: Periodically synchronously coupled integrations with the atmosphere-ocean general circulation model ECHAM3/LSG. Climate Dyn. 14, 249-266.
    34. Dameris, M., V. Grewe, I. Köhler, R. Sausen, C. Brühl, J.-U. Grooß and B. Steil, 1998: Impact of aircraft NOx-emissions on tropospheric and stratospheric ozone. Part II: 3-D model results. Atmos. Environ. 32, 3185-3199.
    35. Petry, H., J. Hendricks, M. Möllhoff, E. Lippert, A. Meier, A. Ebel and R. Sausen, 1998: Chemical conversion of aircraft emissions in the dispersing plume: Calculation of effective emission indices. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 5759-5772.
    36. Brasseur, G.P., R.A. Cox, D. Hauglustaine, I. Isaksen, J. Lelieveld, D.H. Lister, R. Sausen, U. Schumann, A. Wahner and P. Wiesen, 1998: European scientific assessment of the atmospheric effects of aircraft emissions. Atmos. Environ. 32, 2329-2418.
    37. Dameris, M., V. Grewe, M. Ponater, R. Sausen, B. Steil and C. Brühl, 1998: An interactively coupled comprehensive model of atmospheric dynamics and chemistry: First results of multi-decadal integrations. In R.D. Bojkov and G. Visconti (eds.): Atmospheric Ozone. Proceedings of the XVIII Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, L'Aquilla, Italy, 12-21 September 1996, 695-698.
    38. Grewe, V., M. Dameris, M. Ponater and R. Sausen, 1998: The influence of dynamics and chemical processes on the ozone layer. In R.D. Bojkov and G. Visconti (eds.): Atmospheric Ozone. Proceedings of the XVIII Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, L'Aquilla, Italy, 12-21 September 1996, 723-726.
    39. Danilin, M.Y., D.W. Fahey, U. Schumann, M.J. Prather, J.E. Penner, M.K.W. Ko, D.K. Weisenstein, C.H. Jackman, G. Pitari, I. Köhler, R. Sausen, C.J. Weaver, A.R. Douglass, P.S. Connell, D.E. Kinnison, F.J. Dentener, E.L. Fleming, T.K. Berntsen, I.S.A. Isaksen, J.M. Haywood and B. Kärcher, 1998: Aviation fuel tracer simulation: Model intercomparison and implications. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 3947-3950.
    40. Grewe, V., M. Dameris, R. Sausen and B. Steil, 1998: The impact of stratospheric dynamics and chemistry on the northern hemisphere mid-latitude ozone loss. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 25417-25433.
    41. Sausen, R., K. Gierens, M. Ponater and U. Schumann, 1998: A diagnostic study of the global distribution of contrails. Part I: Present day climate. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 61, 127-141.
    42. Grewe, V., M. Dameris, R. Hein, I. Köhler and R. Sausen, 1999: Impact of future subsonic aircraft NOx emissions on the atmospheric composition. Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 47-50.
    43. Kjellström, E., J. Feichter, R. Sausen and R. Hein, 1999: The contribution of aircraft emissions to the atmospheric sulfur budget. Atmos. Environ. 33, 3455-3465.
    44. Lister, D.H., J.E. Penner, D.J. Griggs, J.T. Houghton, D.L. Albritton, J. Begin, G. Bekebrede, J. Crayston, O. Davidson, R.G. Derwent, D.J. Dokken, J. Ellis, D.W. Fahey, J.E. Frederick, R. Friedl, N. Harris, S.C. Henderson, J.F. Hennigan, I. Isaksen, C.H. Jackman, J. Lewis, M. McFarland, B. Metz, J. Montgomery, R.W. Niedzwiecki, M. Prather, K.R. Ryan, N. Sabogal, R. Sausen, U. Schumann, H.J. Somerville, N. Sundararaman, D. Yihui, U.K. Wickrama and H.L. Wesoky, 1999: Aviation and the global atmosphere - Summary for policymakers. In J.E. Penner, D.H. Lister, D.J. Griggs, D.J. Dokken and M. McFarland (eds.): Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. A Special Report of IPCC Working Groups I and III. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1-12.
    45. Prather, M., R. Sausen, A.S. Grossman, J.M. Haywood, D. Rind, B.H. Subbaraya, 1999: Potential climate change from aviation. In J.E. Penner, D.H. Lister, D.J. Griggs, D.J. Dokken and M. McFarland (eds.): Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. A Special Report of IPCC Working Groups I and III. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 185-215.
    46. Gierens, K., R. Sausen and U. Schumann, 1999: A diagnostic study of the global distribution of contrails. Part II: Future air traffic scenarios. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 63, 1-9.
    47. Ponater, M., R. Sausen, B. Feneberg and E. Roeckner, 1999: Climate effect of ozone changes caused by present and future air traffic. Climate Dyn. 15, 631-642.
    48. Sausen, R. and U. Schumann, 2000: Estimates of the climate response to aircraft CO2 and NOx emissions scenarios. Climatic Change 44, 27-58.
    49. Taalas, P., J. Kaurola, A. Kylling, D. Shindell, R. Sausen, M. Dameris, V. Grewe, J. Herman, J. Damski and B. Steil, 2000: The impact of greenhouse gases and halogenated species on future solar UV radiation doses. Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 1127-1130.
    50. Lee., D.S. and R. Sausen, 2000: New Directions: Assessing the real impact of CO2 emissions trading by the aviation industry. Atmos. Environ. 34, 5337-5338.
    51. Marquart, S., R. Sausen, M. Ponater and V. Grewe, 2001: Estimate of the climate impact of cryoplanes. Aerospace Science and Technology, 5, 73-84.
    52. Stuber, N., R. Sausen and M. Ponater, 2001: Stratosphere adjusted radiative forcing calculations in a comprehensive climate model. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 68, 125-135.
    53. Grewe, V., M. Dameris, R. Hein, R. Sausen and B. Steil, 2001: Future changes of the atmospheric composition and the impact of climate change. Tellus 53B, 103-121.
    54. Hein, R., M. Dameris, C. Schnadt, C. Land, V. Grewe, I. Köhler, M. Ponater, R. Sausen, B. Steil, J. Landgraf and C. Brühl, 2001: Results of an interactively coupled atmospheric chemistry - general circulation model: Comparison with observations. Ann. Geophys. 19, 435-457.
    55. Stuber, N., M. Ponater and R. Sausen, 2001: Is the climate sensitivity to ozone perturbations enhanced by stratospheric water vapor feedback? Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2887-2890.
    56. Ponater, M., S. Marquart and R. Sausen, 2002: Contrails in a comprehensive global climate model: Parameterisation and radiative forcing results. J. Geophys. Res. 107, ACL 2-1 - 2-15.
    57. Reithmeier, C. and R. Sausen, 2002: ATTILA - Atmospheric tracer transport in a Lagrangian model. Tellus B 54B, 278-299.
    58. Grewe, V., M. Dameris, C. Fichter and R. Sausen, 2002: Impact of aircraft NOx emissions. Part 1: Interactively coupled climate-chemistry simulations and sensitivities to climate-chemistry feedback, lightning and model resolution. Meteorol. Z. 11, 177-186.
    59. Land, C., J. Feichter and R. Sausen, 2002: Impact of the vertical resolution on the transport of passive tracers in the ECHAM4 model. Tellus B 54, 344-360.
    60. Santer, B.D., R. Sausen, T.M.L. Wigley, J.S. Boyle, K. AchutaRao, C. Doutriaux, J.E. Hansen, G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, R. Ruedy, G. Schmidt and K.E. Taylor, 2003: Behavior of tropopause height and atmospheric temperature in models, reanalyses, and observations: Decadal changes. J. Geophys. Res. 108. doi:10.1029/2002JD002258, ACL 1-1 - 1-22
    61. Fuglestvedt, J.S., T.K. Berntsen, O. Godal, R. Sausen, K.P. Shine, and T. Skodvin, 2003: Metrics of climate change: Assessing radiative forcing and emission indices. Climatic Change 58 267-331.
    62. Joshi, M., K. Shine, M. Ponater, N. Stuber, R. Sausen and L. Li, 2003: A comparison of climate response to different radiative forcings in three general circulation models: towards an improved metric of climate change. Climate Dyn. 20, 843-854.
    63. Sausen, R., and B.D. Santer, 2003: Use of Changes in Tropopause Height to Detect Human Influences on Climate, Meteorol. Z. 12, 131-136.
    64. Marquart, S., M. Ponater, F. Mager, and R. Sausen, 2003: Future development of contrail cover, optical depth and radiative forcing: Impacts of increasing air traffic and climate change. Climate 16, 2890-2904.
    65. Santer, B.D., F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R.Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington, and J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, 2003: Contributions of Anthropogenic and Natural Forcing to Recent Tropopause Height Changes. Science 301, 479-483.
    66. Reichler, T. , M. Dameris, and R. Sausen, 2003:Determining the tropopause height from gridded data. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018240, ASC 6-1 - 6-5.
    67. Feichter, J., R. Sausen, H. Graßl and M. Fiebig, 2003: A comment on "Control of fossil-fuel particulate black carbon and organic matter, possibly the most effective method of slowing global warming" by Mark Z. Jacobson. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4767, doi: 10.1029/2002/JD003223, ACH 10-1 - 10-2.
    68. Brunner, D., J. Staehelin, H.L. Rogers, M.O. Köhler, J.A. Pyle, D. Hauglustaine, L. Jourdain, T.K. Berntsen, M. Gauss, I.S.A. Isaksen, E. Meijer, P. van Velthoven, G. Pitari, E. Mancini, V. Grewe, and R. Sausen, 2003: An evaluation of the performance of chemistry transport models by comparison with research aircraft observations. Part 1: Concepts and overall model performance. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 3, 1609-1631.
    69. Santer, B.D., M.F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R. Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Amman, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington, J.S. Boyle and W. Brüggemann, 2004: Response to Comment on "Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes". Science 303, 1771c.
    70. Santer, B.D., T.M. L. Wigley, A.J. Simmons, P.Kållberg, G.A. Kelly, S. Uppala, C. Ammann, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, C. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, C. Mears, G.A. Meehl, R. Sausen, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, M.F. Wehner and F.J. Wentz, 2004: Identification of anthropogenic climate change using a second-generation reanalysis. J. Geophys. Res., D21104, doi:10.1029/2004JD005075, 19 pp.
    71. Brunner, D., J. Staehelin, H.L. Rogers, M.O. Köhler, J.A. Pyle, J. , D.A. Hauglustaine, L. Jourdain, T.K. Berntsen, M. Gauss, I.S.A. Isaksen, E. Meijer, P. van Velthoven, G. Pitari, E. Mancini, V. Grewe and R. Sausen, 2005: An evaluation of the performance of chemistry transport models - Part 2: Detailed comparison with two selected campaigns. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 107-129.
    72. Stuber, N., M. Ponater, and R. Sausen, 2005: Why radiative forcing might fail as a predictor of climate change. Climate Dyn.24, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-004-0497-7, 497 - 510.
    73. Berntsen, T.K., J S. Fuglestvedt, M.M. Joshi, K.P. Shine, N. Stuber, M. Ponater, R. Sausen, D.A. Hauglustaine and L. Li 2005: Response of climate to regional emissions of ozone precursors: Sensitivities and warming potentials. Tellus 57B, 283-304.
    74. Ponater, M., S. Marquart, R. Sausen and U. Schumann, 2005: On contrail climate sensitivity. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L10706, doi:10.1029/2005GL022580, 1-5.
    75. Sausen, R., I. Isaksen, V. Grewe, D. Hauglustaine, D.S. Lee, G. Myhre, M.O. Köhler, G. Pitari, U. Schumann, F. Stordal and C. Zerefos, 2005: Aviation radiative forcing in 2000: An update on IPCC (1999). Meteorol. Z. 14, 555-561.
    76. Fichter, C., S. Marquart, R. Sausen and D.S. Lee, 2005: The impact of cruise altitude on contrails and related radiative forcing. Meteorol. Z. 14, 563-572.
    77. Shine, K.P., T.K. Berntsen, J.S. Fuglestvedt and R. Sausen, 2005: Scientific issues in the design of metrics for inclusion of oxides of nitrogen in global climate agreements. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS) 102, 15768-15773
    78. Ponater, M., S. Pechtl, R. Sausen, U. Schumann and G. Hüttig, 2006: Potential of the cryoplane technology to reduce aircraft climate impact: A state-of-the-art assessment. Atmos. Environ. 40, 6928-6944.